Lompat ke konten Lompat ke sidebar Lompat ke footer

Demographics: Definition, Purpose, Variables, Aspects and Benefits

Understanding Demographics
, maybe some people often hear the term, but for those of you who are still confused about the term, this time we will discuss what demography is, its goals and benefits, we will discuss the article below.

In general, the term demography comes from the Greek "demos" which means people or residents, and "graphein" which means to draw or paint. So that the meaning of demography can be defined as a reflection of the population which includes number, marriage, birth, death, and migration.

Demography also studies various changes in the composition and dynamics of the population in an area. In this way, demography can be used as a tool for analyzing population in an area based on various criteria, such as ethnicity, race, nationality, religion, and education.

Understanding Demographics According to Experts

In order to better understand what demography is, we can refer to the comments of some of the following experts:
  1. According to Dudley Duncan, Demography is a science that deals with the number, territorial distribution and composition of the population.
  2. According to David V. Glass, According to him, demography is a population research as a result of the influence of demographic processes, namely fertility, mortality, and migration.
  3. According to George W. Barclay, For George, the interpretation of demography is a branch of science that describes the population in a region in the form of statistics. Not only that, demography also studies the behavior of the population as a whole.

Demographic Objectives, Goals and Purpose

Referring to the above understanding, the purpose of demography itself is as follows:
  1. There is causation between population growth and various aspects in it.
  2. Describes population growth in the past, growth shrinking and increasing population.
  3. Study the number and distribution of population in certain regions and even countries.
  4. Can foresee the upcoming population, and its possible consequences.

Demographic Benefits

After understanding the objectives above, demography also provides several benefits, some of which are as follows:
  1. Assist the government in evaluating development performance by taking into account the composition of the population in the past and present, and the various aspects that influence it.
  2. Assist the government in making development plans in various fields, both in the fields of education, health, agriculture, and so on.
  3. Providing data regarding the level of economic growth of a region or country, namely by looking at the number of jobs, the number of working citizens, and so on.
  4. Provide data regarding the level of welfare and average life expectancy of the population in a region or country.

Demographic Variables

There are many variables related to demographics, but usually the ones used are:
  1. Birth (fertility or birth)
  2. Death (death / mortality)
  3. Migration ( move )
  4. Gender
  5. Age
  6. Amount
  7. Income
  8. Religion

Aspects of the Demographic Component

There are 4 component aspects related to demographics including the following:

1. Total population

The population is the number of people per capita which is the reference for calculating democracy. If the population is very large, the per capita income is very large.

2. Population Composition

There are three compositions for the level of consumption. First, there are more people of productive working age of 15-64 years on average, and the greater the level of consumption. So the more people work, the higher the income.

Second, the higher the education, the greater the level of consumption, so that when a person has higher education, his life needs also increase.

Finally, the more people who live in urban areas, the higher consumption spending will be. Because in general urban residents are more consumptive than rural areas.

3. Population Distribution

Population distribution related to geographical aspects of one's residence. Region. The factors are geographical, economic, social and political. Talking about population distribution means that it will also be related to the pattern of settlement of the population.

4. Non-Economic Factors

Economic aspects such as healthy lifestyle, eating habits, changes in ethics.

Thus the article on Understanding Demographics along with some full reviews. Hopefully this article can help lecturerspintar.com readers in adding to their knowledge and insight. see you again in the next articles.